Saturday, January 12, 2013

ებრაელთა გენოციდი "ხოლოკოსტ"


 evropeli ebraelebis genocidi-romelsac bevri mecnieri da sxvebi moixsenieben rogor ubralod xolokost”-“aris,albaT,erTerTi genocidis faqti romelzec yvelas smenia”.
 1941 da 1945 wlebSi,xuTidan eqvs milionamde ebraeli iyvnen moklulni nacisturi reJimis mier,maTi momxre da germanelebis mier okupirebul teritoriebze.Tumca,miuxedavad genocidisa intensivobisa,mis Sesaxeb informirebuloba bolo aTwleulis ganmavlobaSi iyo Sors gansazRvrulobisgan.meore msoflio omma Seiwira 50 milioni adamiani mTlianad,da germanelebis damarcxebis Semdeg dasavlelma liderebma da sazogadoebam saerTod uaryves mieniWebinaT aqtualoba ebraul katastrofas.mxolod iesraelis dapyrobis Semdeg adolf reixmanis,hanna arendis cnobili frazis “borotebis banaluroba” da ierusalimSi 1961 wels sasamarTlos Semdeg ,ebraelTa katastrofa iwyebs gamyarebas rogorc pardigmaturi genocidi kacobriobis istoriaSi.dResac mecnieri ieguda baueris SefasebiT,xolokostis gavlena izrdeba ar mcirdeba”.
 es gavlena gamoixateba mraval diskusiebSi xolokostis Sesaxeb.kiTxvebi aris Semdegi saxis:rogor SeiZleboda sistematiur mkvlelobebs milionobiT daucveli adamianisa mohyoloda erTerTi yvelaze ganviTarebuli da civilizebuli dasavluri saxelmwifos Seqmna?rogor iyo centraluri figura adolf hitleri genezissa da kavSirSi sasaklaoebTan?ra monawileobas iRebdnen “Cveulebrivi adamianebi” da “Cveulebrivi germanelebi”  kompaniis ganadgurebaSi?rogori iyo masiuri evropuli winaaRmdegoba?rogori iyo mokavSireebis roli (didi britaneTis,safrangeTis,sabWoTa kavSiris da SeerTebuli Statebis) manamde da meore msoflio omis dros,nacistebisgan ebraelebis ganadgurebis sakiTxSi?da ra kavSiri aris ebraelTa xolokostsa da omis Semdgom israels Soris?am TavSi ganixileba es kiTxvebi,aseve debatebi xolokostis savaraudo unikalurobaze.
me-19 saukunis dasasrulamde ebraelebi iyvnen calsaxad evropul ierarqiasTan stigmatizaciaSi,xSirad stereotipuli motivebis meSveobiT,zog SemTxvevebSi dResac ki.Suasaukunovani qristianoba,Sedgeboda msoflio moraluri wyobas moklebuli ebraelebisgan.iesos uaryofiT maT TiTqos mokles ieso,ebraelebi idgnen radikalur opoziciaSi aRiarebdnen ra sxva Sexedulebas sayovelTaod aRiarebuli koncefciis “RmerTi da kaci” sawinaaRmdegod,ciliswamebiTa da upativcemulobiT yvelaferis mimarT rac wmindaa.am TvalsazrisiT ebraelebi movidnen rom ganasaxieron da gaavrcelon didi boroteba.
ebraelebi-gansakuTrebit ki ebraeli mamakacebi arain rogorc “fesvebidan moglejili,problemuri,braziani,zantebi”.
 kaTolikuri eklesia,mogvianebiT ki protestantuli filialebi daarsebulia antisemiti martin luTeris mier,abralebda ebraelebs rogorc “mwyurvalebs sikvdilis da damRupvelebs mTeli qristianuli msoflios”.
yvelaze primitiuli da Zlieri miTi iyo egredwodebuli “ebraelebis sisxlis devna bevri qristianuli rejimis da mosaxleobis mier.Suasaukunovan xelnawerebSi aris bevri naxatebi ebraelebis dawvis siujetiT 1349 w-s. sasjelis saxiT,imisaTvis rom,TiTqos ebraelebi Sekrulni arian demonur ZalebTan rom moitanon Savi sikvdili (Wiri ), evropuli qveynebis sanapiroebTan.
 erTi mxriv ebraelebi ganixilebodnen rogorc mtrebi Tanamedroveobis.moqceulni kulturuli getos qveS,romlebic veRar SeZleben namdvilad iyvnen nawili eris-saxelmwifosi,romelic swrafad gaxdeba Tanamedroveobis sayrdeni nawili.meores mxriv ebraelebi ganixilebodnen rogorc saSiSi agantebi Tanamedroveobis:rogorc ZiriTadi moTamaSeebi represiuli ekonomikuri institutebis ,rogorc qalaqis,kosmopolitiuri elementebi,romlebic emuqrebian erTianobas da xalxis TviTmyofadobas.
araswori iqneboda warmogvedgina evropuli istoria rogorc erTi grZeli kompania romelic eweoda ebraelTa diskriminacias.mravali saukunis ganmavlobaSi ebraelebi iyvnen iset periodSi roca iyvnen srul simSvideSi da ayvavebaSi ebrauli religiuri cxovrebis.”
 isini ufro Candnen da afasebdnen muslimanur espaneTSi,amas garda nacionalismis ideologia misdevsliberalur motivs amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis magaliTze.is ebraelebi,romlebiv iRvwodnen TavianTi sociumis  integraciisaken,miaRweven mizans.me 19- saukunis dasasrulis da me-20 saukunis dasawyisi ganixileba rogorc oqros weli ebraelebisaTvis safrangeTSi,did britaneTSi da germaniSi,aseve 2 milion naxevramde ebraeli gaeqca rejims mefis ruseTSi.

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